Volltext: The Transport Protocol of the Alpine Convention: Added Value to the Transport Policy of the European Community?

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4. Added Value by the Transport Protocol to the Transport 
Policy of the European Community 
The activities of the European Community as set out in Article 3 of the EC Treaty 
explicitly include a "common policy in the sphere of transport". This is not surprising 
because a common market is hardly conceivable without a common transport policy. 
Articles 70 to 80 of the EC Treaty outline the Community's competence regarding 
transport matters in more detail. Despite this mandate provided for since the very 
beginning of the Community's existence, a common transport policy only started to 
develop in the mid 1980s, after a judgment of the European Court of Justice 
condemning the Community’s inactivity 79 . Initially focussing on the liberalisation of the 
transport sector, the Community approach slowly moved towards sustainable mobility, 
thus integrating environmental aspects . 
This section will examine the value which the Transport Protocol adds to the following 
aspects of the Community transport policy: First, the changes linked to the binding 
character of the Transport Protocol. Second, its influences on the financing of the trans- 
European Transport Networks and, finally, its impact on the Community's policy on 
infrastructure pricing. 
4.1. Binding character of the Transport Protocol 
The Transport Protocol is a 'mixed agreement', meaning an agreement to which the 
Community and "the Member States are, or may become, parties, and which contains 
provisions some elements of which fall within Community competence, and some of 
which fall within the competence of the Member States." 80 
79 Judgment of 22 May 1985. in case 13/83, European Parliament v. Council, [1985] ECR 1513. 
80 I. Macleod, I.D. Hendry and S. Hyett, The External Relations of The European Communities, 
Oxford European Community Law Series. Oxford 1996, p.143.
	        

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