Herausgeber:
Liechtenstein Politische Schriften
Bandzählung:
39
Erscheinungsjahr:
2004
PURL:
https://www.eliechtensteinensia.li/viewer/object/000240237/326/
derable emphasis on the need for the states that entered the Union in 2004 to have appropriate administrative capacity. The national admin istra tions of the new member states were examined in detail by the Com mission and recommendations made on how to increase their capa city to engage in EU decision-making and implement EU decisions. Efficient administration capable of working within the EU was made pre con di tional to member- ship. For instance, Malta had to make coni sider able changes in its admi- nistrative structure in order to qualify for member ship.16Historically, new small member states such as Ireland, Greece and Portugal faced diffi- culties in working within the EU frame work. Whereas Ireland and Portugal have overcome these difficulties, Greece has not yet because of its traditionally weak administrative struc ture. The ability of a state to influence the decision-making processes of the EU may have as much to do with skilful and efficient domestic EU policy-making, negotiation tactic and contacts in the EU institutions and other member states as it has to do with the exact number of votes in the Council of Ministers, the right of veto in particular policy sectors and in the European Council. Small states are caught between the increased complexity of the EU decision-making structure and their limited ad - min i strative resources. Small administrations must find a way to partic - ipate efficiently within the Union in order to defend their national interests. They must be able to be as successful in EU decision-making as the larger administrations. This major challenge has led small member states to adapt strategies that differ from those of the larger members. There is a fundamental difference between the working methods of small and large states in the EU’s decision-making processes, as discussed be- low. The research on which these findings are based covers the period 1986 to 1994 and the seven small member states at the time: Luxem - bourg, Ire land, Denmark, Portugal, Greece, Belgium and the Nether - lands. It com pares their behaviour with that of the large states in two po- licy areas, i.e., the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and Regional Policy.17337 
Can small states influence policy in an EU of 25 members? 16Commission of the European Communities, Enlargement Strategy Paper: Report on progress towards accession by each of the candidate countries, 2000, Available on- line: http://europa.eu.int/comm/enlargement/report_11_00/pdf/strat_en.pdf (Accessed 16 May 2003); Thorhallsson, Iceland and European integration: On the Edge, 2004. 17See Thorhallsson, 2000, ibid.
        

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